Multinational Force and Observers

   Egypt and Israel created the peacekeeping MFO in 1981 as an independent organization to supervise the security provisions of the 1979 peace treaty and prevent violations. A number of countries provided soldiers to oversee checkpoints and control centers in the Sinai Peninsula and verify the demilitarization and limited armaments regime. The Civilian Observer Unit conducts verification inspections in Sinai and Israel along the border. Freedom of navigation in the Strait of Tiran is ensured by a patrol unit of three vessels. The director general is a private American citizen suggested by the United States and appointed by the parties.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

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